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Turkish Filbert

Corylus colurna

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Turkish Filbert (Corylus colurna) at North Branch Nursery

Turkish Filbert

Turkish Filbert

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Turkish Filbert (Corylus colurna) at North Branch Nursery

Bark on Turkish Filbert

Bark on Turkish Filbert

(Photo courtesy of North Branch Nursery)

Height:  50 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  4b

Other Names:  Turkish Hazelnut, Turkish Hazel


A stately small tree with a formal pyramid shape, low maintenance, an excellent choice for home landscapes or boulevards; no one overwhelming ornamental feature but overall an excellent tree for landscape use

Ornamental Features

Turkish Filbert has dark green foliage throughout the season. The crinkled round leaves turn yellow in fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Turkish Filbert is a deciduous tree with a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting squirrels to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Turkish Filbert is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade
  • Vertical Accent

Planting & Growing

Turkish Filbert will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Shade  Articulation 
Plant Form  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features